Genre: Scrolling shoot 'em up

Group Description

The genre commonly referred to as "shoot 'em up" (often abbreviated to shmup) has originated with the fixed-screen top-down shooter Space Invaders (1978). This group, however, includes only scrolling (horizontally, vertically, in an isometric or 3D fashion) shooters. In these games, the player controls a character (most commonly an aircraft) that must defend itself against large amounts of enemies by shooting at them. This style of game is generally agreed to have originated with Konami's Scramble (1981) and Namco's Xevious (1982). The player is able to control the character's movement in at least two (more commonly four) directions; however, the forward motion is also determined by the speed of the scrolling. Besides shooting at enemies, the player is also commonly engaged in collecting power-ups, which typically enhance the character's weapons or defense.

Limitations:
In order to be included in this group, the shooter should answer the two main conditions: scrolling environments and free movement in at least two directions: vertical in side-scrolling games, horizontal in top-down ones. This means that fixed-screen shoot-'em-ups, chase-view shooters, and rail shooters should not be included in this group. Side-scrolling shooters in which the playable character is restricted in his movements (i.e. is unable to sustain himself in the air for a prolonged period of time, having to jump over obstacles or platforms to proceed, etc.) should be excluded as well.

Related groups:
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Selected Covers

Katakis Amiga Front Cover
Front cover for Katakis
Battlestorm DOS Front Cover
Front cover for Battlestorm
Psyvariar 2 Dreamcast Front Cover
Front cover for Psyvariar 2
Tyrian 2000 DOS Front Cover
Front cover for Tyrian 2000
Leave Home Xbox 360 Front Cover
Front cover for Leave Home

Selected Screenshots

Katakis title screen
Screenshot from Katakis
Title screen (VGA)
Screenshot from Battlestorm
Intro
Screenshot from Dimahoo
Main Menu
Screenshot from Tyrian 2000
Title screen and main menu
Screenshot from Leave Home