The star map, showing star system, links between them, "owner" of each system. The map is rotate-able and can be zoomed in or out.
The Chamachies special abilities: instantly complete any research. Arguably the best special ability.
Comparison of the player's race with the other races in terms of number of ships and colonies, research progress, alliance.
Selecting a structure to build on the planet orbit. Completing researches allows building shipyards, ships, defensive structures...
... or offensive ones. Despite the silly name, the "Long Range Orbital Whopper" is the best defensive weapon available to a planet.
Here it has a 'Quark Express' generator, a 'Graviton Projector' engine, one Plasmatron gun, and two Colonizer, to ... well, colonize an uninhabited planet.
To colonize an owned planet, you need invasion modules. This medium-sized ship has four, along with more weapons.
This large-sized ship has more generators, engines, weapon, and a star lane drive to travel between star systems.s
Buildings can be abandoned to free up the building slot and population to build something else, or Automated to free up population.