Role-Playing (RPG)

Description

Role-playing video games are descendants of pen-and-paper RPGs. In those games character development is the main driving gameplay mechanic. Typically one or more characters are created and shaped by the player, then embark on a series of encounters that increase the inventory, wealth, or combat statistics of said character(s).

A role-playing game is not just any game in which the player "plays a role", i.e. controls a character and participates in exploration and narrative. Rather, the defining characteristic of role-playing games is player-dependent character growth. A role-playing game can be seen as such when player-controlled characters become stronger ("levels up") because of the player's actions (usually depending on experience points received for vanquishing enemies), rather than being upgraded automatically as dictated by the storyline. The degree of the player's involvement in shaping the characters may vary considerably: some RPGs offer vast customization possibilities, while others tend to simplify and even nearly automatize the process.

Traditional RPGs have turn-based combat and a fantasy setting (Wizardry series, Ultima series, Roguelikes, etc.). Later, other settings were introduced, and many RPGs - such as Diablo - began favoring action-based combat. In these games, Action is used as a modifier to the RPG genre.

By the late 1980's, the genre has been distinctly split into two main sub-genres: Western and Japanese (sometimes called console-style) RPG. Western RPGs typically favored free exploration and player-made decisions, while Japanese RPGs focused on following a linear story line. Japanese RPGs also tended to retain simple turn-based combat mechanics, and in many cases also random enemy encounters.

In many early Western RPGs the player was given the option to create an entire party of characters (usually up to six). Ultima games introduced the possibility of recruiting initially non-playable characters (NPCs) with their own personalities from the game world into the party. Beginning with Phantasy Star, Japanese RPGs followed this template and even elevated it to their cornerstone mechanic.

Late 1990's saw a "RPG revival" in the West. Fallout greatly expanded the usage of non-combat statistics and moral decisions during gameplay, while Baldur's Gate popularized real-time party-based combat.
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The Elder Scrolls III: Bloodmoon & Tribunal Duopack Windows Front Cover

Windows (2003)

This pack contains both expansions, Tribunal and Bloodmoon, for The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind.

The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind (Collector's Edition) Windows Front Cover

Windows (2002)

This edition contains: The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind The Morrowind Soundtrack CD: Composed by Jeremy Soule (Icewind Dale), the CD...

The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind - Game of the Year Edition Windows Front Cover

Windows (2003) and Xbox (2003)

This Game of the Year edition includes: The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind (base game) The Elder Scrolls III: Tribunal (expansion)...

The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind Windows Front Cover

Windows (2002) and Xbox (2002)

Freed by the decree of Uriel Septim VII, the Emperor of Tamriel, a lone prisoner is transported to the province...

The Elder Scrolls III: Tribunal Windows Front Cover

Windows (2002)

The Elder Scrolls III: Tribunal is an expansion to The Elder Scrolls III: Morrowind.A ruthless king has taken the throne...

The Elder Scrolls IV: Knights of the Nine Windows Front Cover

Windows (2006) and Xbox 360 (2006)

Knights of the Nine is the name of a new faction for The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion, introduced in this...

The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion - 5th Anniversary Edition Windows Front Cover

Windows (2011), Xbox 360 (2011) and PlayStation 3 (2011)

This anniversary edition includes: The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion (base game) The Elder Scrolls IV: Knights of the Nine (expansion)...

The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion (Collector's Edition) Windows Front Cover

Windows (2006) and Xbox 360 (2006)

The Collector's Edition of The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion includes:The game The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion A minted Septim Gold...

The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion - Fighter's Stronghold Windows Front Cover

Windows (2007) and Xbox 360 (2007)

Fighter's Stronghold is the final official add-on for The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion. It adds a new quest where you...

The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion - Game of the Year Edition Windows Front Cover

Windows (2007), Xbox 360 (2007) and PlayStation 3 (2007)

This edition includes: The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion The Elder Scrolls IV: Knights of the Nine (expansion) The Elder Scrolls...

The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion - Horse Armor Pack Windows Front Cover

Windows (2006) and Xbox 360 (2006)

Horse Armor Pack is the first official add-on for The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion. It adds two different types of...

The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion - Mehrunes' Razor Windows Front Cover

Windows (2006) and Xbox 360 (2006)

Mehrunes' Razor is the fifth official add-on for The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion. It adds a fort called Sundercliff Watch...

The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion - Spell Tomes Windows Front Cover

Windows (2006) and Xbox 360 (2006)

Spell Tomes is the seventh official add-on for The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion. The add-on adds new spell books which...

The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion Windows Front Cover

Windows (2006), Xbox 360 (2006) and PlayStation 3 (2007)

A lowly prisoner has been cast into the depths of the dungeon in the Imperial capital of the province Cyrodiil....

J2ME (2006)

The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion is the mobile adaptation of the fourth title in Bethesda's Elder Scrolls series. Shown from...

The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion - The Orrery Windows Front Cover

Windows (2006) and Xbox 360 (2006)

The Orrery is the second official add-on for The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion. It adds a new quest (Repairing the...

The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion - The Thieves' Den Windows Front Cover

Windows (2006) and Xbox 360 (2006)

The Thieves' Den is the fourth official add-on for The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion. It adds a new location called...

The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion - The Vile Lair Windows Front Cover

Windows (2006) and Xbox 360 (2006)

The Vile Lair is the sixth official add-on for The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion. It adds a new quest where...

The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion - The Wizard's Tower Windows Front Cover

Windows (2006) and Xbox 360 (2006)

The Wizard's Tower is the third official add-on for The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion. It adds a new tower called...

The Elder Scrolls IV: Shivering Isles Windows Front Cover

Windows (2007), Xbox 360 (2007) and PlayStation 3 (2007)

Shivering Isles is an expansion pack for The Elder Scrolls IV: Oblivion.In a new story arc, a portal opens in...

Windows (2014)

The Elder Scrolls Online: Imperial Edition includes: The Elder Scrolls Online Ability to play as an Imperial An Imperial horse...

The Elder Scrolls Online: Tamriel Unlimited - Crown Edition Xbox One Front Cover

Windows (2015), PlayStation 4 (2015) and Xbox One (2015)

This Crown Edition has the base game with add-on content. It contains: The Elder Scrolls Online: Tamriel Unlimited (base game)...

The Elder Scrolls Online: Tamriel Unlimited Macintosh Front Cover

Windows (2015), Macintosh (2015), PlayStation 4 (2015) and Xbox One (2015)

The Elder Scrolls Online: Tamriel Unlimited is a new release of The Elder Scrolls Online, replacing the previous version entirely....

The Elder Scrolls Online Macintosh Front Cover

Windows (2014) and Macintosh (2014)

The Elder Scrolls Online is an MMORPG and the first game in the long-running RPG series not only to feature...

The Elder Scrolls Travels: Shadowkey N-Gage Front Cover

N-Gage (2004)

Following the successes of the PC versions in the Elder Scrolls series, Shadowkey mimics most of the hallmarks apparent in...

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