Tecmo, initially a supplier of cleaning equipment and now best known for Ninja Gaiden and Dead or Alive, was founded on this day in 1967!

Role-Playing (RPG)

Description

Role-playing video games are descendants of pen-and-paper RPGs. In those games character development is the main driving gameplay mechanic. Typically one or more characters are created and shaped by the player, then embark on a series of encounters that increase the inventory, wealth, or combat statistics of said character(s).

A role-playing game is not just any game in which the player "plays a role", i.e. controls a character and participates in exploration and narrative. Rather, the defining characteristic of role-playing games is player-dependent character growth. A role-playing game can be seen as such when player-controlled characters become stronger ("levels up") because of the player's actions (usually depending on experience points received for vanquishing enemies), rather than being upgraded automatically as dictated by the storyline. The degree of the player's involvement in shaping the characters may vary considerably: some RPGs offer vast customization possibilities, while others tend to simplify and even nearly automatize the process.

Traditional RPGs have turn-based combat and a fantasy setting (Wizardry series, Ultima series, Roguelikes, etc.). Later, other settings were introduced, and many RPGs - such as Diablo - began favoring action-based combat. In these games, Action is used as a modifier to the RPG genre.

By the late 1980's, the genre has been distinctly split into two main sub-genres: Western and Japanese (sometimes called console-style) RPG. Western RPGs typically favored free exploration and player-made decisions, while Japanese RPGs focused on following a linear story line. Japanese RPGs also tended to retain simple turn-based combat mechanics, and in many cases also random enemy encounters.

In many early Western RPGs the player was given the option to create an entire party of characters (usually up to six). Ultima games introduced the possibility of recruiting initially non-playable characters (NPCs) with their own personalities from the game world into the party. Beginning with Phantasy Star, Japanese RPGs followed this template and even elevated it to their cornerstone mechanic.

Late 1990's saw a "RPG revival" in the West. Fallout greatly expanded the usage of non-combat statistics and moral decisions during gameplay, while Baldur's Gate popularized real-time party-based combat.
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sorted in ascending orderGame Title

NES (1987)

In this game, you play the role of Herakles (or Hercules, in Latin pronunciation), the famous legendary Greek hero. Starting...

Herakles no Eikō: Ugokidashita Kamigami Nintendo 3DS Front Cover

Game Boy (1992) and Nintendo 3DS (2011)

Herakles no Eikō: Ugokidashita Kamigami is a traditional Japanese-style RPG based on Greek mythology and a spin-off in Herakles no...

Heretic Kingdoms: The Inquisition Windows Front Cover

Windows (2004) and Macintosh (2006)

Heretic Kingdoms: The Inquisition takes place in a land where religion is illegal and the Inquisitors do their best to...

Heroes Chronicles: The Final Chapters Windows Front Cover

Windows (2001)

The last part of the Heroes Chronicles games contains two campaigns. In the Revolt of the Beastmasters Tarnum frees the...

Heroes of Annihilated Empires Windows Front Cover

Windows (2006)

Heroes of Annihilated Empires mixes of two separated genres; the real time strategy games and the RPG likes, all together...

Browser (2009)

Heroes of Gaia is a free to play, Flash-based fantasy MMO game. Players choose from one of four races, Humans,...

Heroes of Might and Magic DOS Front Cover

DOS (1995), Windows (1996), Game Boy Color (2000) and Macintosh (1996)

Heroes of Might and Magic is a turn-based strategy game in which the player takes on the role of one...

Heroes of Might and Magic: Colección Windows Front Cover

Windows (2007)

Heroes of Might and Magic: Colección is a compilation on a single DVD of the following games, with the latest...

Heroes of Might and Magic Compendium DOS Front Cover

DOS (1997) and Windows (1997)

This collection contains the DOS and Windows versions of the original Heroes of Might and Magic, along with Heroes of...

Heroes of Might and Magic: Complete Edition Windows Front Cover

Windows (2007)

This Europe-only, limited and numbered edition includes the following games: Heroes of Might and Magic Heroes of Might and Magic...

Heroes of Might and Magic III: Armageddon's Blade Windows Front Cover

Windows (1999)

Heroes of Might and Magic III: Armageddon's Blade has six new campaigns and over 35 stand-alone missions to propel your...

Heroes of Might and Magic III+IV Complete Windows Front Cover

Windows (2006)

This compilation combines Heroes of Might and Magic III Complete and Heroes of Might and Magic IV Complete in a...

Heroes of Might and Magic III: The Restoration of Erathia Linux Front Cover

Linux (1999), Windows (1999) and Macintosh (1999)

Receiving news of her father's death, Catherine Ironfist, Queen of Enroth, sails for Erathia to attend her father's funeral. Fearing...

Heroes of Might and Magic III: The Shadow of Death Windows Front Cover

Windows (2000)

The Shadow of Death is a stand-alone expansion for Heroes of Might and Magic III: The Restoration of Erathia and...

Heroes of Might and Magic II: The Price of Loyalty Windows Front Cover

DOS (1997), Windows (1997) and Acorn 32-bit (1999)

Heroes of Might and Magic II: The Price of Loyalty is a scenario add-on pack for Heroes of Might and...

Heroes of Might and Magic II: The Succession Wars DOS Front Cover

DOS (1996), Windows (1996), Macintosh (1997) and Acorn 32-bit (1998)

Heroes of Might and Magic II is a fantasy role-playing game which takes place in the land of Enroth, a...

Heroes of Might and Magic IV Windows Front Cover

Windows (2002) and Macintosh (2002)

As the fourth installment of the series, Heroes of Might and Magic IV brings many new features to the game...

Heroes of Might and Magic IV Complete Windows Front Cover

Windows (2004)

This Heroes of Might and Magic-compilation combines the original Heroes of Might and Magic IV game, and its two expansion...

Windows (2002)

The Elite Edition of Heroes of Might and Magic IV includes the full game along with bonuses not included with...

Heroes of Might and Magic IV: The Gathering Storm Windows Front Cover

Windows (2002)

The first expansion pack for Heroes of Might and Magic IV. The Gathering Storm adds six single player campaigns, 4...

Heroes of Might and Magic IV: Winds of War Windows Front Cover

Windows (2003)

The second expansion pack to Heroes of Might and Magic 4 adds six more single player campaigns, 3 new creatures,...

Heroes of Might and Magic (Platinum Edition) Windows Front Cover

Windows (2002)

This collection includes the original Heroes of Might and Magic, Heroes of Might and Magic II Gold (includes Heroes II...

Heroes of Might and Magic: Quest for the DragonBone Staff PlayStation 2 Front Cover

PlayStation 2 (2001)

Heroes of Might and Magic: Quest for the DragonBone Staff is really the old classic King's Bounty from New World...

Heroes of Might and Magic Trilogy Windows Front Cover

Windows (2000)

This compilation contains all three main HOMM games: Heroes of Might and Magic, Heroes of Might and Magic II: The...

Heroes of Might and Magic V Windows Front Cover

Windows (2006) and Macintosh (2007)

Today a marriage is to be celebrated: the Griffin Empire celebrates Emperor Nicolai and the tomboy-like Isabel who are soon...

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