Role-Playing (RPG)

Description

Role-playing video games are descendants of pen-and-paper RPGs. In those games character development is the main driving gameplay mechanic. Typically one or more characters are created and shaped by the player, then embark on a series of encounters that increase the inventory, wealth, or combat statistics of said character(s).

A role-playing game is not just any game in which the player "plays a role", i.e. controls a character and participates in exploration and narrative. Rather, the defining characteristic of role-playing games is player-dependent character growth. A role-playing game can be seen as such when player-controlled characters become stronger ("levels up") because of the player's actions (usually depending on experience points received for vanquishing enemies), rather than being upgraded automatically as dictated by the storyline. The degree of the player's involvement in shaping the characters may vary considerably: some RPGs offer vast customization possibilities, while others tend to simplify and even nearly automatize the process.

Traditional RPGs have turn-based combat and a fantasy setting (Wizardry series, Ultima series, Roguelikes, etc.). Later, other settings were introduced, and many RPGs - such as Diablo - began favoring action-based combat. In these games, Action is used as a modifier to the RPG genre.

By the late 1980's, the genre has been distinctly split into two main sub-genres: Western and Japanese (sometimes called console-style) RPG. Western RPGs typically favored free exploration and player-made decisions, while Japanese RPGs focused on following a linear story line. Japanese RPGs also tended to retain simple turn-based combat mechanics, and in many cases also random enemy encounters.

In many early Western RPGs the player was given the option to create an entire party of characters (usually up to six). Ultima games introduced the possibility of recruiting initially non-playable characters (NPCs) with their own personalities from the game world into the party. Beginning with Phantasy Star, Japanese RPGs followed this template and even elevated it to their cornerstone mechanic.

Late 1990's saw a "RPG revival" in the West. Fallout greatly expanded the usage of non-combat statistics and moral decisions during gameplay, while Baldur's Gate popularized real-time party-based combat.
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Artus et le grimoire secret Macintosh Front Cover

Windows (2004) and Macintosh (2004)

Artus is a little mouse living secretly in the Louvre museum. One day, he discovers a strange scroll and he...

Artus et le vaisseau fantôme Macintosh Front Cover

Windows (2002) and Macintosh (2002)

Artus et le vaisseau fantôme is the second title from the series, released after Artus et le démon du musée.Artus...

Arx Fatalis Windows Front Cover

Windows (2002) and Xbox (2003)

Arx was a once a prosperous place. However, after one night the sun of the world of Exosta never rose...

Arx Fatalis (Collector Edition) Windows Front Cover

Windows (2007)

This is a re-release of the original Arx Fatalis at the same time as a new and final patch (1.18)...

Ascend: Hand of Kul Windows Front Cover

Windows (2014) and Xbox 360 (2013)

Ascend: Hand of Kul is an action role-playing game where players control a Caos, a member of a strong breed...

Ascension to the Throne Windows Front Cover

Windows (2007)

In Ascension to the Throne the player takes the role of Alexander, king of Airath. After the betrayal of the...

Ascii Sector DOS Front Cover

Linux (2008), DOS (2007), Windows (2008) and Macintosh (2008)

Ascii Sector is a free-roaming, space-faring, sci-fi RPG game, focusing on combat and trading. As its early title suggest, it...

Windows (1998)

One day a young traveler named Ash meets a girl who is attacked by a monster. Saving the girl, Ash...

Asguaard Windows Front Cover

Windows (2009)

Asguaard is a peaceful land where dwarves and fairies live together peacefully. Yet a danger overshadows them when the evil...

Ashen Empires Windows Front Cover

Windows (2004)

Ashen Empires is a 2D MMORPG set in a medieval fantasy world. Two factions battle for control over the island...

Asheron's Call Windows Front Cover

Windows (1999)

Asheron's Call is a MMORPG (Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Game). This means that you can interact with hundreds (even...

Asheron's Call 2: Fallen Kings Windows Front Cover

Windows (2002)

Asheron's Call 2: Fallen Kings is the sequel to the Asheron's Call. In this game, the people of Dereth emerge...

Asheron's Call 2: Legions Windows Front Cover

Windows (2005)

Legions is the first expansion pack for Asheron's Call 2: Fallen Kings. The ancient Empyreans, former inhabitants of the world...

Asheron's Call: Dark Majesty Windows Front Cover

Windows (2001)

The expansion pack to Microsoft's Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Game (MMORPG) builds upon the original by adding the ability...

Asheron's Call: Throne of Destiny Windows Front Cover

Windows (2005)

Throne of Destiny is the third instalment in the first Asheron's Call Series. It includes the original Asheron's Call as...

DOS (1996)

Ruthaniol is a small valley with rich history which don't lack the evil conspiracy nor battles with orcs. But that...

A-Sock-Ellipse Now! Windows Front Cover

Windows (2003)

A-Sock-Ellipse Now! was the result of a contest ran by Astral Entertainment to make more games in their Pea-Guy series....

DOS (1996)

The hero, who claims to be sent by the mage Eldirood, emerges from a cloud and is apprehended by the...

Windows (2002)

Astonia 3 is an MMORPG in which each player assumes the role of a battle-hardened warrior or a powerful mage...

Astonishia Story PSP Front Cover

PSP (2006) and GP32 (2002)

Astonishia Story is a Korean-made RPG and a remake of a PC game of the same name. This version features...

DOS (1994)

A hundred years ago Brimhil, the beautiful queen of elves, gave up her youth in order to revive the Life...

Windows (2002)

Astral Tournament is a turn based card game much like Magic the Gathering, where you duel other mages (computer or...

Linux (2003), Windows (2003) and Macintosh (2003)

A Tale in the Desert is an massively multiplayer online roleplaying game with an ancient Egyptian setting. It has two...

Atari Action Triple Pack Windows Front Cover

Windows (2006)

This compilation includes three RPGs:Forgotten Realms: Demon StoneMagic: The Gathering - BattlegroundsThe Temple of Elemental Evil: A Classic Greyhawk Adventure...

Atari Collection: Rollenspiele Windows Front Cover

Windows (2005)

Atari Collection: Rollenspiele is one of four simultaneously released compilations (for the other three see Atari's Atari Collection Series). This...

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