Role-Playing (RPG)

Description

Role-playing video games are descendants of pen-and-paper RPGs. In those games character development is the main driving gameplay mechanic. Typically one or more characters are created and shaped by the player, then embark on a series of encounters that increase the inventory, wealth, or combat statistics of said character(s).

A role-playing game is not just any game in which the player "plays a role", i.e. controls a character and participates in exploration and narrative. Rather, the defining characteristic of role-playing games is player-dependent character growth. A role-playing game can be seen as such when player-controlled characters become stronger ("levels up") because of the player's actions (usually depending on experience points received for vanquishing enemies), rather than being upgraded automatically as dictated by the storyline. The degree of the player's involvement in shaping the characters may vary considerably: some RPGs offer vast customization possibilities, while others tend to simplify and even nearly automatize the process.

Traditional RPGs have turn-based combat and a fantasy setting (Wizardry series, Ultima series, Roguelikes, etc.). Later, other settings were introduced, and many RPGs - such as Diablo - began favoring action-based combat. In these games, Action is used as a modifier to the RPG genre.

By the late 1980's, the genre has been distinctly split into two main sub-genres: Western and Japanese (sometimes called console-style) RPG. Western RPGs typically favored free exploration and player-made decisions, while Japanese RPGs focused on following a linear story line. Japanese RPGs also tended to retain simple turn-based combat mechanics, and in many cases also random enemy encounters.

In many early Western RPGs the player was given the option to create an entire party of characters (usually up to six). Ultima games introduced the possibility of recruiting initially non-playable characters (NPCs) with their own personalities from the game world into the party. Beginning with Phantasy Star, Japanese RPGs followed this template and even elevated it to their cornerstone mechanic.

Late 1990's saw a "RPG revival" in the West. Fallout greatly expanded the usage of non-combat statistics and moral decisions during gameplay, while Baldur's Gate popularized real-time party-based combat.
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Ar nosurge Plus: Ode to an Unborn Star (Limited Edition) PS Vita Front Cover

PS Vita (2015)

This limited edition contains: Ar nosurge Plus: Ode to an Unborn Star Collector's box 18" x 24" poster Surge Concerto...

Artelius NES Front Cover

NES (1987)

Long time ago, an advanced civilization existed in the Solar System. But one day, a black hole appeared nearby. Many...

Ar tonelico II: Melody of Metafalica PlayStation 2 Front Cover

PlayStation 2 (2007)

In the world of Ar Ciel, the Reyvateil region is being threatened by an epidemic that's been killing the citizens....

Ar tonelico: Melody of Elemia PlayStation 2 Front Cover

PlayStation 2 (2006)

The story of Ar tonelico: Melody of Elemia takes place in the world of Sol Ciel, a world consisting of...

PlayStation 3 (2010)

Ar tonelico Qoga: Knell of Ar Ciel is set two years after the happenings of Ar tonelico II: Melody of...

Ar tonelico Qoga: Knell of Ar Ciel - Harvestasha Alt. Personality Patch Module [INT: Default] PlayStation 3 Front Cover

PlayStation 3 (2011)

This Harvestasha Alt. Personality Patch Module is add-on content for Ar tonelico Qoga: Knell of Ar Ciel. It allows the...

Ar tonelico Qoga: Knell of Ar Ciel - Harvestasha Alt. Personality Patch Module [TYPE A: Tsundere] PlayStation 3 Front Cover

PlayStation 3 (2011)

This Harvestasha Alt. Personality Patch Module is add-on content for Ar tonelico Qoga: Knell of Ar Ciel. It gives the...

Ar tonelico Qoga: Knell of Ar Ciel - Harvestasha Alt. Personality Patch Module [TYPE B: Dorodere] PlayStation 3 Front Cover

PlayStation 3 (2011)

This Harvestasha Alt. Personality Patch Module is add-on content for Ar tonelico Qoga: Knell of Ar Ciel. It gives the...

Ar tonelico Qoga: Knell of Ar Ciel - Harvestasha Alt. Personality Patch Module [TYPE C: Ultra M] PlayStation 3 Front Cover

PlayStation 3 (2011)

This Harvestasha Alt. Personality Patch Module is add-on content for Ar tonelico Qoga: Knell of Ar Ciel. It gives the...

Ar tonelico Qoga: Knell of Ar Ciel - Harvestasha Alt. Personality Patch Module [TYPE D: S. White] PlayStation 3 Front Cover

PlayStation 3 (2011)

This Harvestasha Alt. Personality Patch Module is add-on content for Ar tonelico Qoga: Knell of Ar Ciel. It gives the...

Artus et le grimoire secret Macintosh Front Cover

Windows (2004) and Macintosh (2004)

Artus is a little mouse living secretly in the Louvre museum. One day, he discovers a strange scroll and he...

Artus et le vaisseau fantôme Macintosh Front Cover

Windows (2002) and Macintosh (2002)

Artus et le vaisseau fantôme is the second title from the series, released after Artus et le démon du musée.Artus...

Arx Fatalis Windows Front Cover

Windows (2002) and Xbox (2003)

Arx was a once a prosperous place. However, after one night the sun of the world of Exosta never rose...

Arx Fatalis (Collector Edition) Windows Front Cover

Windows (2007)

This is a re-release of the original Arx Fatalis at the same time as a new and final patch (1.18)...

Ascend: Hand of Kul Windows Front Cover

Windows (2014) and Xbox 360 (2013)

Ascend: Hand of Kul is an action role-playing game where players control a Caos, a member of a strong breed...

Ascension to the Throne Windows Front Cover

Windows (2007)

In Ascension to the Throne the player takes the role of Alexander, king of Airath. After the betrayal of the...

Ascii Sector DOS Front Cover

Linux (2008), DOS (2007), Windows (2008) and Macintosh (2008)

Ascii Sector is a free-roaming, space-faring, sci-fi RPG game, focusing on combat and trading. As its early title suggest, it...

Windows (1998)

One day a young traveler named Ash meets a girl who is attacked by a monster. Saving the girl, Ash...

Asguaard Windows Front Cover

Windows (2009)

Asguaard is a peaceful land where dwarves and fairies live together peacefully. Yet a danger overshadows them when the evil...

Ashen Empires Windows Front Cover

Windows (2004)

Ashen Empires is a 2D MMORPG set in a medieval fantasy world. Two factions battle for control over the island...

Asheron's Call Windows Front Cover

Windows (1999)

Asheron's Call is a MMORPG (Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Game). This means that you can interact with hundreds (even...

Asheron's Call 2: Fallen Kings Windows Front Cover

Windows (2002)

Asheron's Call 2: Fallen Kings is the sequel to the Asheron's Call. In this game, the people of Dereth emerge...

Asheron's Call 2: Legions Windows Front Cover

Windows (2005)

Legions is the first expansion pack for Asheron's Call 2: Fallen Kings. The ancient Empyreans, former inhabitants of the world...

Asheron's Call: Dark Majesty Windows Front Cover

Windows (2001)

The expansion pack to Microsoft's Massively Multiplayer Online Role Playing Game (MMORPG) builds upon the original by adding the ability...

Asheron's Call: Throne of Destiny Windows Front Cover

Windows (2005)

Throne of Destiny is the third instalment in the first Asheron's Call Series. It includes the original Asheron's Call as...

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