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Role-Playing (RPG)

Description

Role-playing video games are descendants of pen-and-paper RPGs. In those games character development is the main driving gameplay mechanic. Typically one or more characters are created and shaped by the player, then embark on a series of encounters that increase the inventory, wealth, or combat statistics of said character(s).

A role-playing game is not just any game in which the player "plays a role", i.e. controls a character and participates in exploration and narrative. Rather, the defining characteristic of role-playing games is player-dependent character growth. A role-playing game can be seen as such when player-controlled characters become stronger ("levels up") because of the player's actions (usually depending on experience points received for vanquishing enemies), rather than being upgraded automatically as dictated by the storyline. The degree of the player's involvement in shaping the characters may vary considerably: some RPGs offer vast customization possibilities, while others tend to simplify and even nearly automatize the process.

Traditional RPGs have turn-based combat and a fantasy setting (Wizardry series, Ultima series, Roguelikes, etc.). Later, other settings were introduced, and many RPGs - such as Diablo - began favoring action-based combat. In these games, Action is used as a modifier to the RPG genre.

By the late 1980's, the genre has been distinctly split into two main sub-genres: Western and Japanese (sometimes called console-style) RPG. Western RPGs typically favored free exploration and player-made decisions, while Japanese RPGs focused on following a linear story line. Japanese RPGs also tended to retain simple turn-based combat mechanics, and in many cases also random enemy encounters.

In many early Western RPGs the player was given the option to create an entire party of characters (usually up to six). Ultima games introduced the possibility of recruiting initially non-playable characters (NPCs) with their own personalities from the game world into the party. Beginning with Phantasy Star, Japanese RPGs followed this template and even elevated it to their cornerstone mechanic.

Late 1990's saw a "RPG revival" in the West. Fallout greatly expanded the usage of non-combat statistics and moral decisions during gameplay, while Baldur's Gate popularized real-time party-based combat.
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King Arthur II: The Role-Playing Wargame Windows Front Cover

Windows (2012)

King Arthur II: The Role-Playing Wargame ties directly to the end of its predecessor: after King Arthur managed to reunite...

King Arthur: Knights and Vassals Windows Front Cover

Windows (2010)

King Arthur: Knights and Vassals is a DLC for King Arthur: The Role-playing Wargame. It adds overall six units which...

King Arthur: Legendary Artifacts  Windows Front Cover

Windows (2010)

King Arthur: Legendary Artifacts is a DLC for King Arthur: The Role-playing Wargame. It adds three sets with overall nine...

King Arthur: The Role-playing Wargame Windows Front Cover

Windows (2009)

King Arthur is a mix between turn-based and real-time strategy similar to the Total War series. As the subtitle suggests...

Kingdom Hearts PlayStation 2 Front Cover

PlayStation 2 (2002)

Sora's world is shattered when a violent storm hits his home, and he is separated from his two closest friends....

Kingdom Hearts 358/2 Days Nintendo DS Front Cover

Nintendo DS (2009)

Kingdom Hearts 358/2 Days (pronounced Kingdom Hearts Three-Five-Eight Days over Two) follows the story of Roxas during his time in...

Kingdom Hearts 3D: Dream Drop Distance Nintendo 3DS Front Cover

Nintendo 3DS (2012)

With the threat of the evil Xehanort's return, King Mickey and Yen Sid have begun preparations to combat him. Their...

Kingdom Hearts 3D: Dream Drop Distance (Mark of Mastery Edition) Nintendo 3DS Front Cover

Nintendo 3DS (2012)

This limited edition of Kingdom Hearts 3D: Dream Drop Distance contains the following: Kingdom Hearts 3D: Dream Drop Distance 3DS...

Kingdom Hearts: Birth by Sleep PSP Front Cover

PSP (2010)

Ten years before the events in Kingdom Hearts, the universe is still how one remembers it. Maleficent from the Disney-movie...

Kingdom Hearts: Birth by Sleep (Special Edition) PSP Front Cover

PSP (2010)

Special Edition of Kingdom Hearts: Birth by Sleep contains: Kingdom Hearts: Birth by Sleep game 2 Kingdom Hearts: Birth by...

Kingdom Hearts: Chain of Memories Game Boy Advance Front Cover

Game Boy Advance (2004)

Chain of Memories kicks off where the PS2 original left off, with our hero Sora and his companions Donald and...

Kingdom Hearts: Final Mix PlayStation 2 Front Cover

PlayStation 2 (2002)

Kingdom Hearts Final Mix is an updated re-release of the original Kingdom Hearts for the Japanese territory only. It includes...

PlayStation 2 (2002)

This Japanese-only, limited edition comes in a box with the following:Kingdom Hearts: Final MixA set of stickersAn action figure of...

Kingdom Hearts HD 1.5 ReMIX PlayStation 3 Front Cover

PlayStation 3 (2013)

Kingdom Hearts HD 1.5 ReMIX is a HD remastered version of Kingdom Hearts: Final Mix that also includes Re:Chain of...

Kingdom Hearts HD 1.5 ReMIX PlayStation 3 Front Cover

PlayStation 3 (2013)

This limited edition of Kingdom Hearts HD 1.5 ReMIX includes: Kingdom Hearts HD 1.5 ReMIX game disc Limited edition artbook...

Kingdom Hearts II PlayStation 2 Front Cover

PlayStation 2 (2005)

Sora, Donald, and Goofy are back in the third installment (second for PS2) of the Kingdom Hearts series, continuing where...

Kingdom Hearts II: Final Mix+ PlayStation 2 Front Cover

PlayStation 2 (2007)

Kingdom Hearts II: Final Mix+, only released in Japanese territories, is a 2-disc set that includes Kingdom Hearts II Final...

Kingdom Hearts Re:Chain of Memories PlayStation 2 Front Cover

PlayStation 2 (2008)

Kingdom Heart Re:Chain of Memories is the PS2 remake of the GBA game Kingdom Hearts: Chain of Memories. It was...

Kingdom Hearts Re:coded Nintendo DS Front Cover

Nintendo DS (2010)

Kingdom Hearts Re: Coded is a remake of Kingdom Hearts Coded that was released for Mobile, only in Japan. The...

The Kingdom of Loathing Browser Front Cover

Browser (2003)

Players, after selecting a character class, begin on an adventure inside a quirky and fantastic kingdom. The kingdom is represented...

Kingdom of Paradise PSP Front Cover

PSP (2005)

Kingdom of Paradise is an English port of the Japanese PSP game 'Tenchi no Mon', a 3D action RPG that...

DOS (1992)

The Kingdom of Syree is a RPG based on the novels by Lord Steven and heavily inspired by the earlier...

Kingdoms of Amalur: Reckoning Windows Front Cover

Windows (2012), Xbox 360 (2012) and PlayStation 3 (2012)

Kingdoms of Amalur: Reckoning is an action RPG set in the fantasy world Amalur, which is divided into several kingdoms....

Windows (2012), Xbox 360 (2012) and PlayStation 3 (2012)

This collector's edition contains: Kingdoms of Amalur: Reckoning Limited Edition McFarlane Toys Prismere Troll figure Concept art lithograph signed by...

Kingdoms of Amalur: Reckoning (Special Edition) Xbox 360 Front Cover

Windows (2012), Xbox 360 (2012) and PlayStation 3 (2012)

This special edition contains: Kingdoms of Amalur: Reckoning Parchment map of Amalur's Faelands. Amalur-themed 7-piece dice set featuring D4, D6,...

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