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Role-Playing (RPG)

Description

Role-playing video games are descendants of pen-and-paper RPGs. In those games character development is the main driving gameplay mechanic. Typically one or more characters are created and shaped by the player, then embark on a series of encounters that increase the inventory, wealth, or combat statistics of said character(s).

A role-playing game is not just any game in which the player "plays a role", i.e. controls a character and participates in exploration and narrative. Rather, the defining characteristic of role-playing games is player-dependent character growth. A role-playing game can be seen as such when player-controlled characters become stronger ("levels up") because of the player's actions (usually depending on experience points received for vanquishing enemies), rather than being upgraded automatically as dictated by the storyline. The degree of the player's involvement in shaping the characters may vary considerably: some RPGs offer vast customization possibilities, while others tend to simplify and even nearly automatize the process.

Traditional RPGs have turn-based combat and a fantasy setting (Wizardry series, Ultima series, Roguelikes, etc.). Later, other settings were introduced, and many RPGs - such as Diablo - began favoring action-based combat. In these games, Action is used as a modifier to the RPG genre.

By the late 1980's, the genre has been distinctly split into two main sub-genres: Western and Japanese (sometimes called console-style) RPG. Western RPGs typically favored free exploration and player-made decisions, while Japanese RPGs focused on following a linear story line. Japanese RPGs also tended to retain simple turn-based combat mechanics, and in many cases also random enemy encounters.

In many early Western RPGs the player was given the option to create an entire party of characters (usually up to six). Ultima games introduced the possibility of recruiting initially non-playable characters (NPCs) with their own personalities from the game world into the party. Beginning with Phantasy Star, Japanese RPGs followed this template and even elevated it to their cornerstone mechanic.

Late 1990's saw a "RPG revival" in the West. Fallout greatly expanded the usage of non-combat statistics and moral decisions during gameplay, while Baldur's Gate popularized real-time party-based combat.
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Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor - Deadly Archer Rune Windows Front Cover

Windows (2014), Xbox 360 (2014), PlayStation 3 (2014), PlayStation 4 (2014) and Xbox One (2014)

Deadly Archer Rune is DLC for Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor. It adds a rune that deals extra damage in ranged...

Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor - Flame of Anor Rune Windows Front Cover

Windows (2014), Xbox 360 (2014), PlayStation 3 (2014), PlayStation 4 (2014) and Xbox One (2014)

Flame of Anor Rune is DLC for Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor. It adds a rune that makes your blade ignite...

Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor - Flesh Burners Warband Windows Front Cover

Windows (2014), PlayStation 3 (2015) and PlayStation 4 (2015)

Flesh Burners Warband is DLC for Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor. It adds Flesh Burners as an additional warband to fight...

Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor - Skull Crushers Warband Windows Front Cover

Windows (2014), PlayStation 4 (2014) and Xbox One (2014)

Skull Crushers Warband is DLC for Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor. It adds Berserks as an additional warband to fight and...

Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor - Test of Speed Windows Front Cover

Windows (2014), PlayStation 4 (2014) and Xbox One (2014)

Test of Speed is DLC for Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor. It adds a challenge mode where you fight against exclusive...

Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor - Test of Wisdom Windows Front Cover

Windows (2014), PlayStation 4 (2014) and Xbox One (2014)

Test of Wisdom is DLC for Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor. It adds a challenge mode where you fight against a...

Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor - The Power of Shadow Windows Front Cover

Windows (2014), PlayStation 4 (2014) and Xbox One (2014)

The Power of Shadow is free DLC for Middle-earth: Shadow of Mordor. It adds a playable skin of Black Hand,...

Middle Manager of Justice iPad Front Cover

iPhone (2012), Android (2013) and iPad (2012)

Middle Manager of Justice is a combination of a management simulator and a role-playing game. As the middle manager for...

TurboGrafx CD (1992)

This version of Might and Magic: Book I differs from all the others in several significant aspects.The most important difference...

Might and Magic: Book One - Secret of the Inner Sanctum DOS Front Cover

DOS (1987), NES (1990), Commodore 64 (1987), Apple II (1986), MSX (1988), Macintosh (1987), PC-88 (1987), PC-98 (1988), Sharp X68000 (1988), Sharp X1 (1988) and FM-7 (1987)

A party of adventurers in what appears to be a medieval fantasy world called Varn is looking for an entrance...

Might and Magic: Clouds of Xeen DOS Front Cover

DOS (1992), PC-98 (1993) and FM Towns (1993)

The evasive guardian Sheltem has once again escaped from relentless Corak and the six heroes of Terra who were helping...

Might and Magic: Darkside of Xeen DOS Front Cover

DOS (1993), PC-98 (1993) and FM Towns (1994)

Following the trail of Prince Roland, six brave adventurers venture into the Darkside, the other side of the world Xeen....

Might and Magic: Heroes V (Limited Edition) Windows Front Cover

Windows (2006)

The limited edition package includes: Heroes of Might and Magic V Heroes of Might and Magic III (re-mastered for Windows...

Might and Magic II: Gates to Another World DOS Front Cover

DOS (1988), SNES (1993), Genesis (1991), Amiga (1990), Commodore 64 (1989), Apple II (1988), MSX (1989), Macintosh (1990), PC-88 (1988), PC-98 (1988), Sharp X68000 (1989), Sharp X1 (1989) and FM-7 (1989)

The space traveler and rogue guardian Sheltem has left the world VARN, where he was pursued by the relentless Corak...

Macintosh (1992)

This compilation includes Might and Magic: Book I and Might and Magic II: Gates to Another World for Macintosh systems....

Might and Magic I, II, III, IV, V: Collection Classique DOS Front Cover

DOS (1998)

Might and Magic Collection Classique is a compilation on a single CD of the following games:Might and Magic: Secret Of...

Might and Magic III: Isles of Terra DOS Front Cover

DOS (1991), SNES (1995), Amiga (1992), SEGA CD (1993), TurboGrafx CD (1993), Macintosh (1993), PC-98 (1992) and FM Towns (1992)

A party of brave heroes managed to defeat the corrupted guardian Sheltem as he attempted to destroy the world of...

Might and Magic IX Windows Front Cover

Windows (2002)

The world of Axeoth seems to be in grave peril. The region of Chedian is threatened by an invasion of...

Might and Magic: Millennium Edition Windows Front Cover

Windows (1999)

A partial compilation of the Might and Magic series. Game manuals and hint books are included as PDF files. The...

Might and Magic (Platinum Edition) Windows Front Cover

Windows (2002)

A partial compilation of the Might and Magic series. The games included are:Might and Magic VI: The Mandate of Heaven...

Might and Magic Sixpack DOS Front Cover

DOS (1998) and Windows (1998)

The Might and Magic Sixpack contains the first six games in the Might and Magic series. Those are: Might and...

Might and Magic Trilogy DOS Front Cover

DOS (1995)

This compilation includes the Might and Magic games from the early 1990s: Might and Magic III: Isles of Terra Might...

Might and Magic VII: For Blood and Honor Windows Front Cover

Windows (1999)

Eight adventurers were traveling in a spaceship, pursuing the Guardians Corak and Sheltem. The Guardians went to the world of...

Might and Magic VIII: Day of the Destroyer Windows Front Cover

Windows (2000) and PlayStation 2 (2001)

For over a thousand years, the races of the Ancients and the Kreegans were waging an interstellar war. Eventually, the...

Might and Magic VI: The Mandate of Heaven Windows Front Cover

Windows (1998)

After the corrupt Guardian Sheltem was defeated, the seemingly never-ending war between the Ancients and the alien Kreegans entered a...

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