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Role-Playing (RPG)

Description

Role-playing video games are descendants of pen-and-paper RPGs. In those games character development is the main driving gameplay mechanic. Typically one or more characters are created and shaped by the player, then embark on a series of encounters that increase the inventory, wealth, or combat statistics of said character(s).

A role-playing game is not just any game in which the player "plays a role", i.e. controls a character and participates in exploration and narrative. Rather, the defining characteristic of role-playing games is player-dependent character growth. A role-playing game can be seen as such when player-controlled characters become stronger ("levels up") because of the player's actions (usually depending on experience points received for vanquishing enemies), rather than being upgraded automatically as dictated by the storyline. The degree of the player's involvement in shaping the characters may vary considerably: some RPGs offer vast customization possibilities, while others tend to simplify and even nearly automatize the process.

Traditional RPGs have turn-based combat and a fantasy setting (Wizardry series, Ultima series, Roguelikes, etc.). Later, other settings were introduced, and many RPGs - such as Diablo - began favoring action-based combat. In these games, Action is used as a modifier to the RPG genre.

By the late 1980's, the genre has been distinctly split into two main sub-genres: Western and Japanese (sometimes called console-style) RPG. Western RPGs typically favored free exploration and player-made decisions, while Japanese RPGs focused on following a linear story line. Japanese RPGs also tended to retain simple turn-based combat mechanics, and in many cases also random enemy encounters.

In many early Western RPGs the player was given the option to create an entire party of characters (usually up to six). Ultima games introduced the possibility of recruiting initially non-playable characters (NPCs) with their own personalities from the game world into the party. Beginning with Phantasy Star, Japanese RPGs followed this template and even elevated it to their cornerstone mechanic.

Late 1990's saw a "RPG revival" in the West. Fallout greatly expanded the usage of non-combat statistics and moral decisions during gameplay, while Baldur's Gate popularized real-time party-based combat.
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Windows (2012)

The first roleplay collection contains three games where epic battles took place in mystical words. The games in the compilation...

DOS (1995)

After the legendary Hong Gildong stepped down as the king of the island Yuldo, he was succeeded by his son...

Romance wa Tsurugi no Kagayaki II PlayStation Front Cover

PlayStation (2002)

The events of this game take place a few years after those described in the first game. The new hero...

PC-98 (1995)

A young swordsman named Rune is strolling in the woods when he notices a lake. And bathing in the lake...

Windows (1999)

Romancia: Another Legend is a remake of the classic RPG Romancia with improved graphics and mouse support.You are cast as...

Romancing SaGa SNES Front Cover

SNES (1992), WonderSwan Color (2001) and Wii (2009)

Once upon a time, three evil gods fought against the holy gods, and the holy God-Father chose a human warrior...

Romancing SaGa  PlayStation 2 Front Cover

PlayStation 2 (2005)

This is a remake of the first Romancing SaGa game.The land of Mardias has experienced 1000 years of peace after...

SNES (1993)

Long ago, seven noble warriors defeated the ultimate evil, and brought peace to the world. But the memory of the...

Romancing SaGa 3 SNES Front Cover

SNES (1995)

Every 300 years the Death Eclipse kills all newly born creatures. Men, women, and children, animals and plants, even ferocious...

SEGA Saturn (1997)

"Ronde" is the third game in Majin Tensei series, which is, in its turn, a part of Megaten franchise. The...

Rondo of Swords Nintendo DS Front Cover

Nintendo DS (2007)

The city of Egvard, capital of Bretwalde, has been overrun during the funeral for the late king. Prince Serdic is...

Rouge no Densetsu - Legend of Rouge PC-98 Front Cover

PC-98 (1996)

Long time ago, a legendary hero defeated an evil dragon. He wore a magical bracelet that protected him during the...

RPG Maker PlayStation Front Cover

PlayStation (1997)

RPG Maker is a game that lets you create role-playing games (RPGs). You control everything from creating the maps/levels, character,...

RPG Maker 3 PlayStation 2 Front Cover

PlayStation 2 (2005)

RPG Maker 3 is the third in a series of RPG Maker games (programs) developed for the Sony Playstation. RPG...

Windows (2004)

RPG Maker XP is a game making tool produced by Enterbrain Inc. It features a highly user-friendly editor interface combined...

RPG Quest: Minimæ iPhone Front Cover

iPhone (2009)

RPG Quest: Minimæ is inspired by the very first top-down console and computer RPGs, such as Dragon Warrior and Ultima...

Rubies of Eventide Windows Front Cover

Windows (2003)

This is a 3D fantasy MMORPG based on a MUD (an online RPG in text only) from several years back,...

SNES (1996)

The Earth is ruled by heavenly powers, who destroy it and create it again every 4000 years, to end the...

SNES (1995)

Ruin Arm tells the story of a young boy named Arm, who lives together in Arff Village together with his...

TurboGrafx CD (1993)

Long time ago, a thriving civilization blessed by the gods was ruined as a result of a perpetual war. Humanity...

Rune Factory 2: A Fantasy Harvest Moon Nintendo DS Front Cover

Nintendo DS (2008)

In Rune Factory 2 the player, Kyle by default, is an amnesiac who wanders into the town of Alvarna and...

Nintendo DS (2010)

In Rune Factory 3 the player, Micah by default, is an amnesiac who wanders into the town of Sharance and...

Rune Factory 4 Nintendo 3DS Front Cover

Nintendo 3DS (2013)

Rune Factory 4 begins with the male or female protagonist on an airship, sent to deliver something important to a...

Rune Factory: A Fantasy Harvest Moon Nintendo DS Front Cover

Nintendo DS (2006)

As a wanderer in a town called Kardia, you are discovered by a mysterious girl named "Mist". She, seeing potential...

Rune Factory: Frontier Wii Front Cover

Wii (2008)

Rune Factory Frontier's story begins with the hero Raguna traveling to the village of Trampoli in search of his missing...

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