Rockstar North, formerly known as DMA Design, was founded in 1988 by David Jones, Russell Kay, and Mike Dailly in Dundee, Scotland. The name DMA was taken from the Amiga programming manuals, where it stood for "Direct Memory Access". DMA Design was most known for developing Lemmings and early Grand Theft Auto games.
In September 1999 the company was acquired by Take-Two Interactive and continued developing games under the label of Rockstar Games; in 2002 it was renamed Rockstar North. Having established its studio in large spacious premises located in the heart of Edingburgh's Leith district, the company continued to develop installments in the Grand Theft Auto series and other products.