Also Known As
- Steve Turnir
- S. Turner
|Fire & Ice (1992)||(Management)|
|International Moto X (1996)||(Directors)|
|Empire Soccer 94 (1994)||(Manager)|
|Ivan 'Ironman' Stewart's Super Off ... (1990)||(Team Leader)|
|Virocop (1995)||(Game Design)|
|Superman: The Man of Steel (1993)||(Additional Design)|
|Rana Rama (1987)||(By)|
|3D Lunattack (1984)||(Devised by)|
|3D Seiddab Attack (1984)||(Devised by)|
|3D Space Wars (1983)||(Devised by)|
|The Ottifants (1993)||(Programming)|
|Superman: The Man of Steel (1993)||(Programming)|
|Fire & Ice (1992)||(Converted by)|
|Realms (1991)||(Storyline, Design, Coding)|
|Ivan 'Ironman' Stewart's Super Off ... (1990)||(Programming)|
|Simulcra (1990)||(Programmed by)|
|Magnetron (1988)||(Programming by)|
|Rana Rama (1987)||(By)|
|Sky Shark (1987)||(Conversion)|
|Quazatron (1986)||(Spectrum adaptation)|
|3D Lunattack (1984)||(By)|
|3D Seiddab Attack (1984)||(By)|
|Cube Quest (1984)||(Additional Engineers)|
|3D Space Wars (1983)||(© 1983)|
|Realms (1991)||(Manual Copy)|
|Magnetron (1988)||(Graphics by)|
|The Ottifants (1993)||(Sound Driver (uncredited))|
|Rainbow Islands (1990)||(Sound by)|
|Magnetron (1988)||(Music by)|
|Soldier of Fortune (1988)||(Music)|
|Morpheus (1987)||(Music and Sound Effects)|
|Sky Shark (1987)||(Music)|
|Zynaps (1987)||(Sound and Music)|
|Sabre Team (1994)||(Quality Assurance)|
|Realms (1991)||(This Manual Copy)|
|Ivan 'Ironman' Stewart's Super Off ... (1990)||(Software)|
|Bubble Bobble also featuring Rainbow Islands (1996)||(Converted by Graftgold)|
|Ivan 'Ironman' Stewart's Super Off ... (1990)||(Converted by)|
Steve began to learn programming when he was about 15 years old. His career in computers really started when he attended one of the early TOPS (Training Opportunities Scheme) courses. After this he entered the Civil Service as a Clerical Assistant. He quickly became a programmer despite not having the necessary two years experience. He became dissatisfied with his work however and left the Civil Service to join one of the world’s largest insurance brokers.
He worked for four or five years making financial developments on ICL and IBM mainframe computers. At first he enjoyed the atmosphere in a big insurance company who insure, through Lloyds, everything up to Concorde and the Space Shuttle. He became a specialist, converting systems from other machines to IBM etc. He was appointed a team leader working on his own systems.
Steve has always been interested in home computers, and owned a ZX80 for some years. He became more interested in the hardware - how the chips and circuits work and so learned about assemblers to help him understand more about it. He also tried writing games on the ZX80 but soon decided that that was a dead loss.
He didn't buy the ZX81 either, but got interested in the Spectrum system. He wrote games in his spare time and submitted those to software houses. When Hewson Consultants offered him a contract he decided to start working full time on writing software for home computers.
His first game was 3D Space Wars (1983) and it took him five months. It was followed by 3D Seiddab Attack (1984) and then 3D Lunattack (1984). He invited Andrew Braybrook to work with him. In the early days, Andrew focused on the Dragon platform and mainly programming, while Steve programmed for the Spectrum and also did graphics. They kept working together until 1996.
Last updated: Apr 10, 2007
- Wikipedia, the free encyclopaedia -- Encyclopaedic entry for author’s biography.
- Twitter -- Author's Official webpage.
- LinkedIn -- professional profile
- Remix64 - An Interview with Steven Turner -- Interview about his music work and time in general at Graftgold.
- Steve Turner Interview with Arcade Attack -- The Spectrum legend sits down with Arcade Attack for a top interview.
- Graftgold.com -- Steve Turner's Official website
- Steve Turner interview -- Interview with Retro Gamer magazine (May 2014)
- ZX-Art, an online archive of pixel art and 8-bit music -- Author's musical work in ZX Spectrum games.