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DescriptionOne of the most popular and influential games of the 1980's, Pac-Man stars a little, yellow dot-muncher who works his way around to clear a maze of the various dots and fruit which inhabit the board.
Pac-Man's goal is continually challenged by four ghosts: The shy blue ghost Bashful ("Inky"), the trailing red ghost Shadow ("Blinky"), the fast pink ghost Speedy ("Pinky"), and the forgetful orange ghost Pokey ("Clyde"). One touch from any of these ghosts means loss of a life for Pac-Man.
Pac-Man can turn the tables on his pursuers by eating one of the four Power-Pills located around the maze. During this time, the ghosts turn blue, and Pac-Man can eat them for bonus points. This only lasts for a limited amount of time as the ghosts' eyes float back to their center box and regenerate to chase after Pac-Man again.
Survive a few rounds of gameplay, and be treated to humorous intermissions starring Pac-Man and the ghosts.
- "食鬼" -- Chinese spelling (traditional - Hong Kong)
- "小精靈" -- Chinese spelling (traditional - Taiwan)
- "Puck-Man" -- Working title
- "Pac - Man" -- Intellivision in-game title
- "Pac Man" -- Alternate Apple II media spelling
- "PacMan" -- Atari 5200 In-game title
- "NES Classics: Pac-Man" -- European GBA title
- "Jelly Monsters" -- VIC-20 US / European release title
- "パックマン" -- Japanese spelling
Part of the Following Groups
- Arcade Game Series
- Classic NES / Famicom Mini / NES Classics releases
- Games involved in legal disputes
- Games made into TV series
- Games referenced in literature
- Games referenced in movies
- Genre: Labyrinth / Maze
- Pac-Man games (licensed)
- Video games turned into board / card games
|One of the best games of the generation.||Jim Fun (243)|
|PC Magazine||May 29, 1984||12 out of 18||67|
|Topic||# Posts||Last Post|
|Pac-Man Atarisoft / Datasoft releases||4||Kabushi (256621)
May 02, 2016
|Channel F version should be split||1||Игги Друге (46328)
Feb 01, 2014
|Famicom Mini series: (alternate) titles||1||yenruoj_tsegnol_eht (!!ihsoy) (2626)
Aug 10, 2012
1001 Video GamesThe Arcade version of Pac-Man appears in the book 1001 Video Games You Must Play Before You Die by General Editor Tony Mott.
Apple II versionThe Apple II version was originally released as Taxman by H.A.L. Labs, but after threatening a lawsuit, Atari turned around and bought the program to release as their Apple II version of Pac-Man with slight changes.
Atari 2600 versionsWhen Pac-Man was released for the Atari 2600, over a million units were sold. But because of Hardware limitations, it did not look like the arcade one. The ghost were the same color, you had to eat square blocks instead of dots, and the whole image just didn't stand up. Although this helped gained Atari some bucks, it tarnished its reputation, which would follow them for years to come.
Due to copyright issues, Ébivision never released their Atari 2600 version of Pac-Man for public sale. A copy, with label and box, was given away to Jeff Rothkopf for being the first person to find the hidden level in Alfred Challenge.
BookSchiffer Books has released a Pac-Man collectibles value guide.
Cancelled Colecovision portYou might notice that there is a certain system missing at the top of this page, namely the Colecovision. This is particularly strange considering the fact that a working Atarisoft prototype of Pac-Man for Colecovision, complete with working AI, graphics and sound, has been discovered and dumped. One can only guess that the release was cancelled by looking at the copyright date of 1983, coinciding with the big video game crash.
CartoonDuring the height of its popularity, Pac-Man had a Saturday morning TV cartoon that focused on Pac-Man, Ms. Pac-Man, and (in later seasons) Super Pac-Man. The show lasted for several seasons, and also had a Christmas special. The later game, Pac-Land, based its visual style off of this series.
CerealPac-Man was popular enough to have a breakfast cereal based on the game. The cereal was a combination of cereal "dots" and marshmallows based on the characters. The first marshmallows were Pac-Man (yellow), Inky (blue), Blinky (red), Pinky (pink) and Clyde (orange). As time went on, Ms. Pac-Man and larger Super Pac-Man marshmallows were added.
The tag line was "You can do the Pac-Man", with kids stretching their arms out and clapping to emulate Pac-Man's eating motions.
Commodore VIC-20 versionIn Japan HAL Laboratory held the home computer rights for Pac-Man. They made the original VIC-20 conversion which was released by Commodore over there in 1981. To get around the licensing restrictions, Commodore released the game as "Jelly Monsters" in the US and Europe a whole year before the official Atari VCS version hit the market, much to the chagrin of Atari the license holder for those regions. Atari filed a lawsuit which they won, removing Jelly Monsters from the shelves. In 1983 Atarisoft released their own, largely considered inferior VIC-20 version.
DevelopmentAs the story goes, one of the Namco's designers (Namco being the company that created the original arcade version) ordered a whole pizza for himself. After eating one of the slices, he looked at the pizza again. And thus, Pac-Man was born.
GhostsThe four enemy ghost characters, Oikake, Machibuse, Kimagure and Otoboke, from the original Japanese version of Pac-Man were thoughtfully and descriptively renamed to match their in game behavior. Shadow (red), Speedy (pink), Bashful (blue) and Pokey (orange) are the westernized names of the four ghosts. Additionally they also received new nicknames, Blinky, Pinky, Inky and Clyde. Only Pinky has the same nickname in both Japanese and western versions of Pac-Man.
PC versionIt's clear that the advertising execs who wrote the advertising blurb for the PC port hadn't played the game seriously. The ad blurb calls the ghosts "goblins", and erroneously describes gameplay.
In fact, of all Atarisoft PC conversions, this was one of the more shoddy ones as the maze's proportions are out of whack. In addition, the programmer was lazy--the entire maze is drawn with the INT 10 set pixel function, which is why it's so slow.
InnovationsAccording to www.classicnesseries.com, Pac-Man was the first character in a video game.
ReferencesDuring the later levels, the special item in the middle of the level (cherry, strawberry, apple, etc.) is a Galaxian. The Galaxian comes from an earlier Namco game of the same name.
References to the gamePac-Man is referenced in the Futurama episode Anthology of Interest II. The episode consists of three shorts; one of which involves Fry asking the "what-if" machine "what if life was more like a video game." In the short, aliens invade the earth; then Fry and his friends seek the help of Secretary of Defense Colin Pac-Man. Also in the short, Fry and friends have to navigate a Pac-Man styled maze.
SalesIt is estimated that Pac-Man -- both in its coin-op arcade and console incarnations -- has been played over 10,000,000,000 times.
SongPac-Man was the first video game to inspire a popular pop song, which was played on the radio, had a full-length record and a single. The song in question was Buckner and Garcia's Pac-Man Fever.
Rapper Lil Flip's hit song, Game Over uses sound effects from Pac-Man. But the bad thing is Lil Flip never got permission from Namco to use the sounds and was later sued.
TitleWhen the game first appeared in Japanese arcades in 1979, it was called Puck-Man. When Midway ported to America, the company decided to re-name it Pac-Man because they were concerned that English speaking players might vandalize the "Puck" to spell a certain swear word.
Pac-Man's name is derived from the Japanese adverb 'paku' used to describe gaping, biting or snapping mouths. 'Paku' is also an onomatopoeia modelled after the smacking sound of lips. This could explain the sound Pac-Man emits when moving around.
Xbox 360 versionThe Xbox Live! Arcade version stays true to the original gameplay and look, with the addition of improved graphics and sounds, leaderboards and achievements. The game itself was already included as a secret in Ridge Racer 6.
- Retro Gamer
- October 2004 (Issue #9) – #10 Best Game Of All Time (Readers' Vote)
Information also contributed by Игги Друге, gamewarrior, Guy Chapman, J. Michael Bottorff, LepricahnsGold, Little Yoda, Maw, Paul Budd, Robbb, rstevenson, Sciere, woods01 and FatherJack
Related Web Sites
- 1st Church of Pac-Man (Reverend Shoebox's fansite dedicated to the religion of Pac-Man.)
- Abandonia (PC Booter) (downloadable releases; additional material)
- AtariAge (Atari 2600) (for Atari 2600: downloadable ROM; scans; manuals; additional material)
- AtariAge (Atari 5200) (for Atari 5200: downloadable ROM; scans; manuals; additional material)
- AtariMania (Atari 2600) (for Atari 2600: database; downloadable releases; artwork; additional material)
- AtariMania (Atari 5200) (for (Atari 5200): database; downloadable releases; artwork; additional material)
- AtariMania (Atari 8-bit) (for Atari 8-bit: database; downloadable releases; artwork; additional material)
- Bucker and Garcia Official Pac-Man Fever Site (The official website of the artists who created the "Pac-Man Fever" song from the early '80's.)
- DJ Oldgames (PC Booter / C64) (for PC and C64: downloadable releases; additional material)
- Game Base 64 (for C64: Downloadable links, Database, Music, Emulation, Frontends, Reviews and Articles)
- Game Oldies (Nintendo Game Boy) (for Nintendo Game Boy: online emulation of game)
- Game Oldies (Nintendo NES) (for Nintendo NES: online emulation of game)
- Game Oldies (Sega Game Gear) (for Sega Game Gear: online emulation of game)
- Game Oldies (SNK Neo Geo Pocket) (for SNK Neo Geo Pocket: online emulation of game)
- Internet Archive (ZX Spectrum) (for ZX Spectrum: downloadable release; online emulation of game; additional material)
- Lemon 64 (for C64: games, reviews and music)
- MSX Generation (for MSX: catalogue; cover art; additional material)
- My Abandonware (PC Booter) (for DOS and C64: downloadable releases; online versions; additional material)
- SMS Power! (Game Gear) (for Game Gear: releases info; credits; box text; additional material)
- The International Arcade Museum (extensive information about the arcade game machine)
- The Pac-Man Dossier (a very detailed and technical study on all aspects of the original arcade game)
- The Pac-Page (Fansite dedicated to the many games of the Pac-Man family.)
- Virtual Apple 2 - Online disk archive (for Apple II: online emulation of game (for Windows and Mac); downloadable releases; additional material)
- Wikipedia (The Pac-Man article at Wikipedia)
- World of Spectrum (for ZX Spectrum: downloadable releases; additional material; player reviews; magazine references)
- X360A achievement guide (X360A's achievement guide for Pac-Man.)
Trixter (9110) added Pac-Man (PC Booter) on May 26, 1999
Other platforms contributed by Corn Popper (69058), PCGamer77 (3233), Michael Cassidy (21142), CrankyStorming (3003), Infernos (31677), Sciere (717245), Kabushi (256621), Martin Smith (75110), Pseudo_Intellectual (63340), Terok Nor (30540), The cranky hermit (2946), Servo (57364), Игги Друге (46328), Ben K (23897), 雷堂嬢太朗 -raido.jotaro- (60649) and Jim Fun (243)
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