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FireFly Studios Ltd.


FireFly Studios is a London-based development company founded in 1999 by Simon Bradbury and Eric Ouellette, who had previously worked on the Caesar and Lords of the Realm series for Impressions Games.

Their debut title, the real-time strategy and city/castle building hybrid called FireFly Studios' Stronghold, was released in 2001 to public acclaim and set the tone for the studio's future portfolio. Although published by Gathering of Developers (by then a subsidiary of Take-Two Interactive), the studio maintained control over the Stronghold intellectual property, which was rare at the time. The successful run continued with Stronghold Crusader, a 2002 Stronghold standalone expansion set in the Middle East during the earlier Crusades. The last game on that 2D engine was the 2003 management sim Space Colony, which was received lukewarmly.

In 2005, FireFly released their first 3D game, Stronghold 2 as an evolution for the franchise in terms of mechanics and content, and followed it with the 2006 spin-off Stronghold Legends, which was poorly reviewed. Also in 2006, FireFly released CivCity: Rome produced by Firaxis Games, who had also licensed the usage of the Civilization IP for the game.

In 2008, during the global financial crisis, the studio changed publishers to the short-lived Gamecock Media Group and released the panned Stronghold Crusader Extreme. Financially, the team was doing poorly and was at the only point in their history where they were forced to let parts of the studio go. A hack-and-slash RPG titled Dungeon Hero had to be cancelled around this time due to lack of funding. The publisher was changed again and back to 2K Games to release The Stronghold Collection in 2009.

A skeleton team of 4 developers created the alpha version of Stronghold Kingdoms in 2010, and was released on Steam in early 2012, during the platform's start of supporting free-to-play games, eventually gaining a large player base. Meanwhile, in late 2011, the studio released Stronghold 3, poorly received mainly due to its poor optimization and visibly rushed development, which the studio claims to have been because of the pressure of their publisher at the time, an also short-lived 7Sixty LLC, to release the game at a particular time.

In 2012, FireFly Studios decided to self-publish their games. Stronghold Crusader II was revealed at Gamescom 2012 and had a fundraising campaign meant to cover part of the development budget. Even though this campaign failed, the game was released in 2014 to some success. Very soon afterwards, the studio announced mobile ports of Stronghold Kingdoms and a new title codenamed Stronghold Next. In 2017, a dungeon crawler game called MetaMorph: Dungeon Creatures was announced, but after some time, its development was placed on the backburner. In 2019, the studio announced Romans: Age of Caesar, a game similar to Stronghold Kingdoms but set in ancient Rome, and at E3 2019, they fully announced Stronghold Next as Stronghold: Warlords after a prolonged period of teaser videos on YouTube revealing smaller details that the game would feature, with the game fully releasing in 2021.

Although the main studio is in London, United Kingdom, two smaller branches were opened over time in the United States and in Scotland. However, by January 2019, the company was split in terms of creative development as teams developing Stronghold: Warlords and Romans: Age of Caesar, with supporting and updating Stronghold Kingdoms on the side.

As of 4 November 2021, FireFly Studios became part of Devolver Digital.


Romans: Age of Caesar(2022)
Stronghold: Warlords - Ultimate Edition(2022)
Stronghold: Warlords - The Warrior Queen(2022)
Stronghold: Warlords - Rise of the Shogun(2021)
Stronghold: Warlords - The Mongol Empire(2021)
Stronghold: Warlords - The Art of War(2021)
Stronghold: Warlords (Special Edition)(2021)
Stronghold: Warlords(2021)
MetaMorph: Dungeon Creatures(2017)
Stronghold HD + A.D. 2044(2017)
FireFly Studios' Stronghold 2: Steam Edition(2017)
Stronghold HD: USA Campaign Map Skin(2017)
Stronghold Legends: Steam Edition(2016)
Stronghold Crusader II: Delivering Justice(2015)
Stronghold Crusader II (Special Edition)(2015)
Stronghold Crusader II: Ultimate Edition(2015)
Stronghold Crusader II: The Jackal & The Khan(2015)
Stronghold Crusader II: The Templar & The Duke(2015)
Stronghold Crusader II: The Emperor & The Hermit(2015)
Space Colony: Steam Edition(2015)
Stronghold Crusader II: The Princess & The Pig(2015)
Stronghold Crusader II: Freedom Fighters(2015)
Stronghold 3: Gold(2014)
Stronghold Crusader II(2014)
Stronghold Kingdoms: Starter Pack(2013)
Stronghold Kingdoms(2012)
FireFly Studios' Stronghold 3(2011)
Stronghold Crusader Extreme(2008)
Stronghold Legends(2006)
CivCity: Rome(2006)
FireFly Studios' Stronghold 2 Deluxe(2005)
FireFly Studios' Stronghold 2(2005)
Castle Attack 2(2004)
Space Colony(2003)
Alien Horde(2003)
Space Colony (Demo Version)(2003)
FireFly Studios' Stronghold Crusader(2002)
FireFly Studios' Stronghold Deluxe(2002)
FireFly Studios' Stronghold(2001)


Address (main studio, by 2019)

FireFly Studios Ltd.
Shakespeare House
168 Lavender Hill
Battersea, London
SW11 5TG
United Kingdom

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