Rockstar North Ltd.
Also Known As +
- DMA Design Limited (from 1988 to 2002)
- Rockstar Studios Limited (from 2002-03-27 to 2002-05-30)
Overview edit · view history
Rockstar North, formerly known as DMA Design, was founded in 1988 by David Jones, Russell Kay, and Mike Dailly in Dundee, Scotland. The name DMA was taken from the Amiga programming manuals, where it stood for "Direct Memory Access". DMA Design was most known for developing Lemmings and early Grand Theft Auto games.
In September 1999 the company was acquired by Take-Two Interactive and continued developing games under the label of Rockstar Games; in 2002 it was renamed Rockstar North. Having established its studio in large spacious premises located in the heart of Edingburgh's Leith district, the company continued to develop installments in the Grand Theft Auto series and other products.
Credited on 44 Games from 1988 to 2021
Displaying most recent · View all
|Grand Theft Auto: The Trilogy - The Definitive Edition (2021 on Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One...)|
|Red Dead Redemption II (2018 on Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One...)|
|L.A. Noire: The VR Case Files (2017 on Windows, PlayStation 4)|
|Grand Theft Auto V (2013 on Windows, Xbox 360, PlayStation 3...)|
|Max Payne 3 (2012 on Windows, Xbox 360, Macintosh...)|
|L.A. Noire: The Complete Edition (2011 on Windows, Xbox 360, PlayStation 3...)|
|L.A. Noire (2011 on Windows, Xbox 360, PlayStation 3)|
|Red Dead Redemption (2010 on Xbox 360, PlayStation 3)|
|Grand Theft Auto: Episodes from Liberty City (2009 on Windows, Xbox 360, PlayStation 3)|
|Grand Theft Auto: Chinatown Wars (2009 on Nintendo DS, PSP, iPhone...)|
|Grand Theft Auto IV (2008 on Windows, Xbox 360, PlayStation 3)|
|Manhunt 2 (2007 on Windows, PlayStation 2, PSP...)|
|Grand Theft Auto: Vice City Stories (2006 on PlayStation 2, PSP, PlayStation 3)|
|Grand Theft Auto: Liberty City Stories (2005 on PlayStation 2, PSP, iPhone...)|
|Grand Theft Auto: San Andreas (2004 on Windows, PlayStation 2, Xbox...)|
|Manhunt (2003 on Windows, PlayStation 2, Xbox...)|
|Rockstar Games Double Pack: Grand Theft Auto (2003 on PlayStation 2, Xbox)|
|Grand Theft Auto: Vice City (2002 on Windows, PlayStation 2, Macintosh...)|
|Grand Theft Auto III (2001 on Windows, PlayStation 2, Macintosh...)|
|Grand Theft Auto 2 (1999 on Windows, PlayStation, Dreamcast...)|
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The company moves to Edinburgh, Scotland.
- September 29th, 1999
The company is acquired by Take-Two Interactive Software from Infogrames Entertainment for $11 million in cash. Dave Jones, original founder of DMA Design, leaves to take up a job at Denki and 3 years later creates his own company Real Time Worlds.
- June 1999
- December 1996
The company is sold to British publisher Gremlin Interactive.
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DMA Design produced both the cutesy Lemmings games and the Grand Theft Auto titles, the latest of which have become some of the most controversial games of all time. Very disturbing.
The name DMA was originally taken from the Amiga programming manuals simply because it sounded cool and did not actually mean anything. The initials were later 'retrofitted' so that they briefly stood for Direct Mind Access, a play on the computer term Direct Memory Access, before finally standing for Doesn't Mean Anything, thus making official the playful notion that they were indeed meaningless.
DMA Design (a.k.a. Rockstar North) won the Guinness World Record for most successful UK game developer in 2008 due to the commercial and critical success Grand Theft Auto IV.
Related Web Sites +
- 22 games with Rockstar Games, Inc.
- 17 games with Rockstar Lincoln Limited
- 16 games with Psygnosis Limited
- 13 games with Valve Corporation
- 12 games with Take Two Interactive GmbH
- 12 games with Take-Two Interactive Software Europe Ltd.
- 12 games with ak tronic Software & Services GmbH
- 11 games with Epic Games Tools LLC
- 11 games with Take Two Interactive France SAS
- 10 games with Rockstar Leeds Ltd.